Natyashastra, in full Bharata Natyashastra, also called Natyasastra, detailed treatise and handbook on dramatic art that deals with all aspects of classical. 23 Dec The Nātya Shastra (Nātyaśāstra नाट्य शास्त्र) of Bharata is the It is attributed to the muni (sage) Bharata and is believed to have been. 11 Mar Traditionally assigned to Bharata, a legendary sage, Natya Shastra is one among the famous trio of India, the other two being Kautalya’s Artha.

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The goal of performance arts, states Natyashastra is ultimately to let the spectator experience his own consciousness, then evaluate and feel the spiritual values innate in him, and rise to a higher level of consciousness. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. The answer to this question comprises the rest of the book. This page was last edited on 4 Octoberat However, not everyone is able to experience it.

Bharata also speaks of 33 minor fleeting feelings like bashfulness, anxiety and indignation. The nrtta is constructed of the technique of rendering the rhythm tala through movements that do not have any specific meaning, and the skill of projecting frozen, sculptural poses within a given rhythmic cycle.

Bharata Muni

The Natya Shastra discusses a wide range of topics, from issues of literary construction, to the structure of the stage or mandapa, to a detailed analysis of musical scales and movements murchhanasto an analysis of dance forms that considers several categories of body movements, and their effect on the viewer.

Natyashastra Indian drama treatise. It may be the work of several authors, but scholars disagree. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.


Rigveda Yajurveda Samaveda Atharvaveda. Where the eye goes, there the mood follows. The Natyasastra describes the stage for performance arts as the sacred space for artists, and discusses the specifics of stage design, positioning the actors, the relative locations, movement on stage, entrance and exit, change in background, transition, objects displayed on the stage, and such architectural features of a theatre; the text asserts that these aspects help the audience get absorbed in the drama as well as understand the message and the meaning being communicated.

In fact, the culmination of the whole acting happens in the eyes of the performer. Expert Answers teachsuccess Certified Educator.

The chapters 14 to 20 are dedicated to plot and structure of underlying text behind the performance art. External evidence gives us a clue that the Sanskrit work was available to Mahakavi Kalidasa, as natua refers to its author in his lyrical work Vikramorvasi. Unfortunately, our editorial approach may not be able to accommodate all contributions.

Natya Shastra : Bharat Muni : Free Download, Borrow, and Streaming : Internet Archive

All the three works form the encyclopaedia of Indian civilisation. Dancing is closely related to drama, and like dramais a portrayal of the eight emotions. The myth of the origin of theatre in India, told at the very beginning of the Natyashastraor the Drama Manualshows the central role of theatre and dance in Indian culture.

And that speak for the immortality of the plays, as Love is ansurely eternal and everlasting theme. If you prefer to suggest your own revision of the article, you can go to edit mode requires login.

The Square and the Circle of the Indian Arts. The artist repeats and chisels this imagery by giving it concrete shape through stone, sound, line or movement. General considerations Hindu dance In dance: For example, if the flower is especially beautiful, the facial expression and the eyes may express the sentiment of wonder.


Bharata Muni was an ancient Indian theatrologist and musicologist who wrote the Natya Shastraa theoretical treatise on ancient Indian dramaturgy and histrionicsespecially Sanskrit theatre. The original Natyashastra proclaimed that there were eight rasas:. Sanskrit Drama in Performance.

Natya Shastra of Bharata Muni Volume 1

India compendium of rules In dramatic literature: Its primary importance lies in its justification of Indian drama as a vehicle of religious enlightenment.

Any text you add should be original, not copied from other sources. The spectator’s concentrated absorption and appreciation is success.

This article needs additional citations for verification. Loom Of Time, Kalidasa. The text discusses the universal and inner principles of drama, that it asserts successfully affects and journeys the audience to a supersensual state of discovery hatya understanding.

The work provides the basic source of information on the intricacies of Indian theatre. Training actors For an actor who is not yet perfect, the techniques described in the Natyashastraare a means to achieve perfection, enlightenment, moksha, and run parallel to reaching this state through yoga or meditation practices.

Bharata and his Natyashastra | | Asian Traditional Theatre & Dance

Dramatic arts [Natyashastra praises dramatic arts] as a comprehensive aid to the learning of virtue, proper behavior, ethical and moral fortitude, courage, love and adoration of the divine. Kudiyattam Theatre and the Actor’s Consciousness. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.