Range Description: This is originally a South African species, not native in Europe. It is spreading rapidly in the Mediterranean. It occurs in Europe since This relatively recent accidental import from South Africa (originally on imported Pelargoniums, it is believed) is starting to colonise the south coast of France and . Ecology, conservation and threats of Cacyreus marshalli. Species page, life cycle and photos.

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Species categorized as Extinct EX. Remarks on the biology of a cacyfeus butterfly, pest of pelargoniums, new to Europe Lycaenidae. The eggs hatched in 6 days. Watch Video Watch Video. It is spreading eastwards too, although more slowly, with records from south Italy, Greece etc.

In countries like Spain, the Geranium plant species are highly bought in Spanish homes as ornaments. Colture Protette, 35 Cacyreus marshalli Butler[1]. In marrshalli, the amount of these butterflies decreases.

Geranium Bronze

Polyommatinae as a new species for the European fauna. Contact pesticides were found to have no effect on the butterfly, because cacyreuw larva spends the majority of its life within the plant, along with other endophytic habits. Following outbreaks on the Spanish mainland, the Spanish Plant Protection Services took measures to ensure that the pest was satisfactorily controlled in commercial nurseries.

Growth Stages Top of page Flowering stage, Vegetative growing stage. On one day we had about 4 flying in the garden! mxrshalli

This is only achievable with support from caccyreus like you. Adventives are species that one would not expect to find in this country, either through inadvertent migration or through any other natural means of dispersal, with the exception perhaps of the most extreme meteorological event or possibly the transportation of a stage in the life cycle in a highly unlikely but natural means e.


The species description provided here references the following publications: Cacyresu Crop Protection Council, From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Like the larva, the pupa is noticeably hairy. Species categorized as Near Threatened NT.

There is a large body of research on the use of pesticides caycreus geranium bronze butterflies. Click here to see the aberration descriptions and images for this species.

The young larva typically burrows into a developing flower bud, where it scoops out the contents before moving onto another bud. We were completely puzzled.

European Lepidoptera and their ecology: Cacyreus marshalli

Retrieved 28 September At lower temperatures, development is slower and it is assumed that the pest cannot overwinter in colder regions. Rhodes, Greece, May magshalli Prevention and Control Top of page According to the Spanish Plant Protection Service, Bacillus thuringiensis, diflubenzuron, flufenoxuron, hexaflumuron, lamda-cyhalothrin, alphamethrin and benfuracarb are efficient insecticides for the control of C.

References Top of page Baufeld P, Datasheet Cacyreus marshalli pelargonium butterfly. There are sometimes one or two small dark spots around a false antenna. Detection and Inspection Top of page This pest can be localized on species of Pelargonium and Geranium; it needs one of these hosts to ensure its development.

Once hatched, the larvae bore through the stem of the host plant, where they are typically found within the stem or flower buds. Far more than a list of species and their status, it is a powerful tool to inform and catalyze action for biodiversity matshalli and policy change, critical to protecting the natural resources we need to survive.


The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. Cacyreus marshalli, a butterfly spreading rapidly on geraniums. Supplementum 9 This species does not stretches its wings very often. Cacyreus marshalli, a new species of cacyreuw for the fauna of Europe?

Despite being considered a pest, the adult butterfly is quite beautiful. Little is known about the biology of C.

Spreading eastwards into Italy and Greece etc. This South African species, considered a pest of cultivated Pelargoniums and Geraniums, first arrived in the British Isles in when an individual was seen flying around Geraniums in a garden in Kingston, Lewes, East Sussex.

Cacyreus marshalli on euroButterflies by Matt Rowlings

Distribution Table Top of page The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. Field notes and information This species is a native of Southern Africa. Fighting the lepidopter that is devastating geraniums. Nachrichtenblatt des Deutschen Pflanzenschutzdienstes, 45 Remarkable records of Macrolepidoptera in Sweden According to Sarto i Monteys et al.

Applied and Environmental Microbiology. We searched all the Geranium and Pelargonium and found many eggs.