Hymenocardia acida var. acida. Photo: Bart Wursten Cheringoma Escarpment, Sofala, Mozambique. Hymenocardia acida var. acida. In East Africa Hymenocardia acida is planted for erosion control; it is also a good shade tree in plantations, casting moderately light shade. Young leafy shoots of. BOTANIC DESCRIPTION. Hymenocardia acida is a small savannah tree or shrub about 9 m high. Branchlets become rusty brown as the bark peels. The bole is.

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International Journal of Pharmacognosy There are citation in scholarly articles related to Hymenocardia acida Tul. Leaf powder is topically applied in friction to treat rheumatic pains, toothache and fever; it is also sprinkled on sores after washing.

Antibacterial and antifungal activities of nine medicinal plants from Zaire. Male inflorescence a dense axillary spike up to 7 cm long, solitary or fascicled; female inflorescence a terminal few-flowered raceme up to 3 cm long, usually several together, or flowers solitary.

Powdered bark in water or pulped bark is taken internally to hymenocarsia abdominal pains, diarrhoea, dysentery, menstrual pains, female infertility, painful swellings, cough and epileptic fits. Hymenocardia acida is an important medicinal plant throughout tropical Africa, and the effectiveness of many traditional uses has been confirmed by preliminary pharmacological research. A dichloromethane extract of the leafy twigs showed significant antitrypanosomal activity; different root and leaf extracts only showed moderate activity.

Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page Screening for antitumor anti-HIV activities of nine medicinal plants from Zaire. Leaf sap is also used as ear drops aclda treat otitis. A crude root extract showed significant anthelminthic activity against the intestinal parasite Haemonchus contortus. Preliminary studies of the chemistry of Hymenocardia acida showed the presence of saponins.


The young fruits are eaten by children, although they are rather sour. The bitter stem bark is slightly astringent and causes copious salivation when chewed.

West African Plants

A root decoction or a leaf infusion is drunk against threatened abortion, as an aphrodisiac and to treat severe stomach-ache. Hymenocardia acida starts flowering mainly during the second half of the dry season, when new leaves also develop. A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia.

The stem bark and roots of Hymenocardia acida acifa be harvested whenever the need arises. Methylene chloride and methanolic stem bark and root extracts showed moderate activity against Plasmodium falciparum in vitro. Hymenocardia acida fruiting branch. Young leafy shoots of Hymenocardia acida are sometimes hymenicardia as afida condiment.

The powdered bark with copper dust is sprinkled on syphilitic sores. In vitro antidrepanocytary activity anti-sickle cell anemia of some Congolese plants. Natural products have been used in folklore for the treatment of many illnesses and diseases.

Hymenocardia acida — Wikipédia

hymwnocardia Free radical scavenging activity of some Nigerian medicinal plant extracts. There are 20 citations in Afrirefs related to Hymenocardia acida Tul.

Showing 0 of 0 comments. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 90 2: Journal of Ethnopharmacology 87 2—3: Flowers unisexual on different trees, male flowers, reddish in catkin-like spikes up to 6 cm long; female flowers solitary, green with long velvety red, forked styles.

Hymenocardia acida

Medpharm Scientific, Stuttgart, Germany. Pakistan Journal hymenocareia Biological Sciences 9 8: Citation in news articles. Leaf powder in food is taken to treat asthma. The first in this series of reviews is on Hymenocardia acida, a plant that is widely used in African complementary medicine. The leaves can be harvested during the rainy season, as the species is deciduous. The powdered bark in water or a bark decoction is applied as a poultice to treat colic, abscesses and tumours, eye infections, migraine and also skin afflictions such as itch, prickly heat, parasites and leprosy.


Hymenocardia acida Hymenocardia acida Tul. A review of plant species used to treat conjunctivitis. Hymenocardia acida is a host for the fungus Coniella diplodiellawhich causes white rot of grapes Vitis vinifera L.

From the root bark the hjmenocardia alkaloid hymenocardine was isolated. Fruit flattened, with 2 wings, forming a distinct V-shape, red when ripe, hairless. A bark decoction is widely taken to treat pulmonary affections, including tuberculosis; it is also used as a steam bath, alone or with the fruits, to treat breathing difficulties and colds. Hymenocardia acida Hymenocardia acida common shrub x – 9k – jpg www. International Journal of Pharmacognosy 32 4: The young leaves and twigs are commonly browsed by cattle and in DR Congo they are eaten by edible acixa.

Red data list status: In southern Africa steam inhalations from the root powder are considered cleansing for the stomach.

Hymneocardia 2, Families E—I. Hymenocardia hymenocrdia Connaissez-vous Hymenocardia acida Direct seeding is hymehocardia. The acidic leaves, stem bark and roots are commonly used as medicines. A Review Author s: However, not much is known about the active compounds, and therefore more research is warranted.